Sunday, May 24, 2020

Corporate Social Responsibility On A Social Level

Kirtan Bodawala September 27, 2014 E.Mylonas Eng. for Occupational Purposes Abstract The purpose of this paper is to understand how a large progressive company operates in the corporate world as well as fulfills their corporate responsibility on a social level. While corporate responsibility is important, it is always viewed through the fiscal viability dimension of the maelstrom. The business case dominates the representation and operationalization of corporate responsibility. Due to the increased public sensitivity to corporate responsibility, the attitude has evolved from the unnecessary intrusion, through proactive operation focus, to compliance based; one residing within shareholder relations and legal. In this paper, I will continue to answer the question how a corporation respects the interests of its stakeholders and reflects those interests in its actions and accountability, as well as a summarization of their development towards corporate and social responsibility. Introduction The aim of this paper is to explore Corporate Social Responsibility in the framework of business ethics. Companies, in this modern day and age, are urged to show more responsibility towards society while operation their businesses. According to Milton Friedman, â€Å"there is one and only one social responsibility of business: to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits so long as it stays within the rules of the game, which is to say, engages in open andShow MoreRelatedThe Relationship Between Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethic at the Leadership Level of Companies1691 Words   |  7 PagesWhat is corporate social responsibility (CSR)? According to the  ¡Ã‚ ®Wikipedia ¡Ã‚ ¯ ,  ¡Ã‚ °Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a company s obligation to be accountable to all of its stakeholders in all its operations and activities with the aim of achieving sustainable development not only in the economical dimension but also in the social and environmental dimensions. ¡Ã‚ ±( retrieved:10/09/07); another definition is that  ¡Ã‚ °CSR is about how companiesRead MoreEssay on managerial ehics1410 Words   |  6 PagesDiscussion Questions 3, 4, and 5 on page 27 of Business and Society. 3. Identify and explain the major factors in the social environment that create an atmosphere in which business criticism takes place and prospers. How are the factors related to one another? Has the revolution of rising expectations run its course? Or is it still a vital reality? Affluence refers to the level of wealth, and standard of living of the society. As the standard of living is increasing every year, people are becomingRead MoreSocial Audit Responsibility977 Words   |  4 PagesCorporate Social Responsibility The process of building a corporate social responsibility: Corporations while they need to conduct a strategy to become socially responsible, they usually passes through a process that leads it at the end to achieve what is called by â€Å"Civil learning†. In order to achieve this level –which is the highest level of a corporate social responsibility- , they are two dimensions: †¢ The organizational level †¢ The societal level The case of Nike as famous corporateRead MoreMoral Responsibility797 Words   |  4 Pages(A) of the core moral responsibility This is done by P. Pula Li (Peter Pratley)proposed. Pula Li believes that the same as the implementation of quality management, companies also accept the moral responsibility of the concrete. at the lowest level, the enterprise must take three responsibilities: (1) concern for consumers, such as the ability to meet the ease of use, product safety And other requirements; (2)concern for the environment; (3) interest on the minimum working conditions. Platts theseRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr )863 Words   |  4 Pagestechnology in the last century. The term of Corporate Social Responsibility appears more often into public’s concerned and it has become a hot issue in recent years. This essay is going to discuss and provide an overview of corporate social responsibility (CSR) by debate some key issue in this area. 1.2 What is Corporate Social Responsibility? In 1953, Bowen’s Social Responsibility of the Businessman firstly discusses the idea of corporate social responsibility. He states the relationship between societyRead MoreJapan s Corporate Social Responsibility989 Words   |  4 Pagesof different cultures, organizations, levels of education, or any other diversity of differences. This mindset deems it necessary for corporations in this situation to have a strategy in developing positive public relations. This strategy is known as corporate social responsibility. In the article, seven case studies of Japanese Multinational Corporations operating in South Africa and Tanzania are examined, which consider how the corporate social responsibility is influenced by organisational geographiesRead MoreSocial Marketing1409 Words   |  6 Pageswill never compare to the reach and the resources that governments hold. Additionally when deep and radical solutions are required, governments are the most capable institution to face such sit uation (Trebeck, 2008). 3.4 Developing Corporate Social Responsibility The adaptation and execution process for companies willing to incorporate CSR into their regular practices may be found to be rather complicated and investment demanding. As Henderson (2001) highlights: ‘CSR involves the adoptionRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibility ( Csr ) Essay1369 Words   |  6 Pageshave a responsibility to give back to the customers they serve and the communities they operate in. Today, many organizations have realized the importance of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in response to consumers and stakeholders becoming more mindful of social issues. Corporate social responsibility has continued to change and grow. It can be difficult to define CSR because it takes on a variety of social, economic, political and environmental formats depending on the business. Corporate socialRead MoreIKEA Global Sourcing Challenge: Indian Rugs and Child Labor1176 Words   |  5 Pagesin the world. IKEA s procurement philosophy and assessment of suppliers mainly include four aspects: continuous price improvement; strict supplier performance and service levels; good quality and healthy products; and environmental and social responsibility (IKEA Sustainability Re port 2011). In the aspect of social responsibility, IKEA does not accept child labour, but also actively prevents the use of child labour when its supplier Indian Rugs is revealed to use child labour (Bartlett et al., 2006)Read MoreEthics And Corporate Social Responsibility1637 Words   |  7 PagesManaging Sustainability: Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility in the post-bureaucratic era. â€Å"Leadership is the process of directing, controlling, motivating and inspiring staff toward the realization of stated organizational goals† (Clegg, S.R. Kornberger, M. Pitsis. 2011, p.126.) Leadership in the post-bureaucratic era is essential for the success of a company, and also plays part into the Sustainability of Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility for an enterprise. In this essay I will

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Speed Freak Killers Wesley Shermantine & Loren Herzog

Wesley Shermantine and Loren Herzog  were dubbed the Speed Freak Killers after a 15-year methamphetamine drug-induced killing spree that began in 1984 and ended in 1999. Childhood Friends Loren Herzog and Wesley Shermantine, Jr. were childhood friends, having grown up on the same street in the small farming town of Linden, California. Shermantines father was a successful contractor who showered Wesley with material things throughout his young life. He was also an avid hunter and would often take both boys hunting and fishing until they were old enough to go on their own. The boys spent much of their childhood exploring the hills, rivers, rocks and the mineshafts of San Joaquin County. Serial Killers Emerge Herzog and Shermantine remained best friends through high school and into adulthood. It seems that what one did the other did including bullying, hard drinking, and eventually serious drugging. After high school they shared an apartment for a while in nearby Stockton and their involvement in drugs, especially methamphetamine, escalated. Together their behavior spiraled downward and a dark side emerged. Everyone who brushed by them was a potential victim and they managed to literally get away with murder for years. Murderous Rampage Investigators now believe that Herzog and Shermantine began murdering people when they were around 18 or 19 years old, however, it is possible it started earlier. It was later determined that they were responsible for the cold-blooded murder of friends and strangers alike. Why they murdered seemed to be determined by what they needed - sex, money, or simply for the thrill of the hunt. They seemed to wallow in their evil and at times they would make comments that alluded to the danger that those who crossed them might find. Shermantine was known for bragging to his family and friends about making people disappear in Stockton. During an attack on a woman he allegedly tried to rape, he pushed her head to the ground and told her she should listen to the heartbeats of people Ive buried here. Listen to the heartbeats of families Ive buried here. The two were arrested in March 1999 for suspicion of the  murder of two girls who were missing. Chevelle Chevy Wheeler, 16, had been missing since October 16, 1985, and Cyndi Vanderheiden, 25, vanished on November 14, 1998. Once in custody the childhood bond that Herzog and Shermantine quickly dissolved. 17-Hour Interrogation The San Joaquin detectives began what turned out to be an intensive 17-hour interrogation of Loren Herzog, most of which was videotaped. Herzog quickly turned on his best friend, describing Shermantine as a cold-blooded killer who would kill for no reason. He told detectives that Shermantine was responsible for at least 24 murders. He described an incident when Shermantine shot a hunter who they ran into while they were on vacation in Utah in 1994. Utah police confirmed that a hunter was shot to death, but that it was still classified as an unsolved murder. He also said that Shermantine was responsible for killing Henry Howell who was found parked off the road with his teeth and head bashed in. Herzogs said that he and Shermantine passed Howell parked on the highway and that Shermantine stopped, grabbed his shotgun, and killed Howell and then robbed what little money he had. Herzog also said that Shermantine killed Howard King and Paul Raymond in 1984. Tire marks matching his truck were found at the scene. He gave specific details as to how Chevelle Wheeler, Cyndi Vanderheiden, and Robin Armtrout were kidnapped, raped and killed and said that during it all he just watched. Ready to Head Home One can only speculate as to the truth in what Herzog told detectives. All of what he said was self-serving, with the intent of making it out that Shermantine was the killer, the monster, and he (Herzog) was another one of Shermantines victims. When asked why he never stopped Shermantine or called the police, he said he was scared. It was later said that Herzog really expected to be released after the interrogation so that he could return home to his wife and children, knowing that Shermantine would no longer be a danger to him. Of course, that did not happen, at least not right away. The Interrogation of Shermantine Shermantine had little to say during the 1999 interrogation. He told investigators that on the night that Vanderheiden went missing that he met Herzog at a bar, had some drinks, played pool and spoke briefly to Cyndi Vanderheiden. He said in fact that he barely noticed her and that she left an hour before he left to go home. It was not until he saw the tapes of what Herzog told the interrogators that Shermantine began to do his own form of finger-pointing. He told reporters, ...If Loren can give details about all these murders, it must mean hes the one that did them. Im innocent...With everything Loren told detectives, Id bet my life there were other bodies out there. On Trial for Murder Wesley Shermantine was charged with the first-degree murder of Chevy Wheeler, Cyndi Vanderheiden, Paul Cavanaugh, and Howard King. During Shermantines trial, right before the sentencing phase, he agreed to tell officials where the bodies of four of Shermantines victims could be found in exchange for $20,000, but no deal was ever made. Prosecutors offered to remove the death penalty from the table if he gave them information on where they could find the bodies, but he turned them down. He was found guilty of the four murders and given the death penalty. He now resides on death row in San Quentin State Prison. Loren Herzog was charged with murdering Cyndi Vanderheiden, Howard King, Paul Cavanaugh, Robin Armtrout and to the accessory to the murder of Henry Howell. He was found not guilty of being an accessory to the murder of Henry Howell, acquitted in the murder of Robin Armtrout, but was found guilty of first-degree murder of Cyndi Vanderheiden, Howard King, and Paul Cavanaugh. He was given a 78-year sentence. Herzog Conviction Overturned In August 2004, a state appeals court overturned Herzogs conviction, saying that police coerced his confession during the long interrogation sessions. They also said that the police ignored Herzogs rights to remain silent, deprived him of food and sleep and delayed his arraignment for four days. A new trial was ordered, but Herzogs lawyers worked out a plea deal with prosecutors. Herzog agreed to plead guilty to manslaughter in the Vanderheiden case and to being an accessory to the murders of King, Howell, ​and Cavanaugh. He also accepted a charge of giving Vanderheiden methamphetamine. In exchange, ​he received a 14-year sentence with credit for time served. Herzog was out on parole on September 18, 2010, as scheduled. He was sent to a modular home inside the High Desert State Prison grounds in Lassen County, around 200 miles from Stockton away from many of the relatives of his victims and those who testified against him in court. The citizens of Lassen County were livid at the thought of such a person being placed in their community. Safety measures were taken to protect the community from the new resident. Condition of Parole Even though Herzog had been paroled from prison he was still under the watchful eyes of the authorities. The conditions of his parole were: He was required to wear a GPS bracelet that alerted his parole officer if he went more than 150 feet from his small fifth-wheel trailer.He and all visitors had to check in and out with a gatehouse operator.He could not leave his trailer between the hours of 8:30 p.m. to 5:30 a.m. and from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m.Because of the tight restrictions, ​he was not required to work. Basically, he was out of prison, isolated and alone, and still under the watchful eye of prison authorities. Shermantines Revenge? Some say he needed money for candy bars, others say he couldnt stand the thought of Herzog being set free, but either way in December 2011 Wesley Shermantine offered again to reveal the locations of the bodies of several victims in exchange for money. He referred to the areas as Herzogs party area and continued to deny responsibility for murdering anyone. Bounty hunter Leonard Padilla agreed to pay him $33,000. Herzog Commits Suicide On Jan. 17, 2012, Loren Herzog was found dead hanging in his trailer. Leonard Padilla said he spoke with Herzog earlier in the day to warn him to get a lawyer because Shermantine was turning over maps of where they buried the bodies of their victims. Herzog left behind a suicide note that said, Tell my family I love them. Painted in Hate An autopsy of Loren Herzog was performed and in the report, the various tattoos found on his body was described in detail. Reportedly much of his skin was covered in satanic images including skulls and flames. Running down the length of his left legs were the words, Made And Fueled by Hate and Restrained By Reality and on his right foot was a tattoo that read, Made The Devil Do It. Serial Killers Keep Killing Investigators have long said that the Speed Freak Killers were probably responsible for at least 24 or more murders. It is highly unlikely that the duo killed in 1984 then stopped and did not kill again until November 14, 1998. If anything the number of murders from serial killers increase as time goes on as does their confidence in their ability to outsmart the police. Both killers pointed to the other one and said that they were cold-blooded, but it is doubtful that the true number of victims that died at the hands of these killers will ever be known. Burial Sites Disclosed In February 2012, Shermantine provided maps to five burial sites where he said some of Herzogs victims would be found. Referring to an area near San Andreas as Herzogs boneyard investigators found the remains of Cyndi Vanderheiden and Chevelle Wheeler. Investigators also found almost 1,000 human bone fragments in an old abandoned well as they excavated one of five burial sites marked on Sermantines map. Shermantine turned over the maps after bounty hunter Leonard Padilla agreed to pay him $33,000. Holding the Best for Last In March 2012, Shermantine wrote a letter to a local television station in Sacramento where he claims he can lead investigators to more of Herzogs victims and a third man involved in the murders. He claimed that there are as many as 72 victims. But he said until Leonard Padilla pays him the $33,000 that he said he would pay, he will not give the information up. I really want to believe in Leonard, but I have these doubts hell come through, which is a shame because Ive been holding the best for last, Shermantine wrote.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Modern World Affairs Free Essays

In Modern world affairs, diplomacy is less and less important in shaping relations between political actors. Do you agree? If so, why? If not, why not? The process of globalisation has affected the role of traditional diplomacy, which was originally confined to predominately deal with issues of war and peace between two political bodies. Traditional diplomacy is as a result, in a state of anachronism and is deemed losing its influential power in post-modern international relations (Leguey-Feilleux 2009, pp. We will write a custom essay sample on Modern World Affairs or any similar topic only for you Order Now -2). Despite this, traditional diplomacy is still relevant in that it is capable of broadening and deepening the content and conduct of its role in current international affairs and in shaping the relations between different political actors. The art of diplomacy has undergone an evolution in scope and dimension in order to be used as a versatile tool to adjust to the current global environment, despite being a useful tool even in its traditional capacity (Leguey-Feilleux 2009 p. 14). Therefore, although the narrow classical mode of diplomacy is being challenged, diplomacy in the modern world is as important as ever, if not more so, and has developed the ability to adapt to today’s turbulent modern world. This paper firstly defines diplomacy with a brief historical evolution of the art and investigates how globalisation impacts on diplomatic roles. It then discusses and analyse the importance of diplomacy in the modern sphere. DEFINITION REVOLUTION OF DIPLOMACY (BILATERALISM-MULTILATERALISM-POLYATERALISM) The conventional definition of diplomacy, that is, â€Å"the peaceful way of relations between political entities with their accredited representatives such as envoys and ambassadors by communication, interaction and negotiation† (Siracusa 2010, p. 2), has been around for many centuries and has been evolving over time. Traditional diplomacy was primarily considered to be â€Å"the art of managing bilateral relations between states† (Siracusa 2010, p. 6) and was viewed as a very rigid institution. Although diplomacy is still holding to the traditional practical grounds in the current international political realm, diplomacy is no longer limited to war and peace as in previous centuries and needs to been extended to deal with many issues which would be difficult to do under traditional diplomatic methodology. The traditional institution was characterised as bilateral diplomacy, and greatly focused on making treaties between two sovereign-states with its diplomatic norms typically embodied by professional diplomats (Sirasa 2010, p. ). This diplomatic method was particularly recognised during the periods of the Italian city-states in the fifteenth century when Italy appointed the first permanent ambassadors (Saner Yiu 2003, p. 9). A sovereign state would traditionally send an envoy to other political entities that had equal powers to conclude treaties and prevent wars (Rana 2007 p. 23). Then came the modern era of diplomacy, which is said to have started with the Peace of Westph alia, the Westphalia peace negotiations, at the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648. This event saw diplomacy officially recognised as a profession (Siracusa 2010, p. 2). The major turning point in diplomacy however, was between 1914 and 1918, when many nation states began to proclaim that ineffective traditional sovereignty such as the bilateral and secret system of diplomacy was a major cause of the First World War (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 28). Woodrow Wilson, as a result of these claims, insisted that diplomacy should be more open and democratic in order to involve multiple states, which led to the emergence of a new style of diplomacy embedded in an open and multilateral system under the League of the Nations (Siddiqui Alam 2010, pp. 28-29). These changes allowed new international institutions to emerge (Pigman 2010, p. 23). Diplomacy since then has further evolved as a result of globalisation and can no longer be considered only in terms of relations between states (Wiseman 2004, pp. 40-41). The definition of diplomacy itself has been expanded in recent years as a result of the complexity of the current international environment, which has required that the role of diplomacy be broadened in order to be more suitable to modern governments and other political bodies (Black 2010, p. 254). Indeed, in order to survive modern diplomacy has had to embrace multilateral and polylateral relationships by engaging more non-traditional diplomatic entities such as non-governmental organisations (NGOs), Intergovernmental organisations (IGOs), local and city governments, and transnational corporations (Wiseman 2004, p. 6). Diplomacy has the potential to play an important and integral part of relations between different political actors in this new role, and will in doing so regain some of the importance it held in previous eras. Wiseman (2004) insists that diplomacy has indeed adapted to a global world and moved beyond multilateralism to â€Å"Polylateralism†, which further layer of diplomatic interaction and relations between states and other entities (p. 41). Supranational, subnational and transnational actors such as European Union, Quebec, and Microsoft are indeed currently engaging in complicated activities of diplomacy (Pigman 2010, pp. 18-19). The incident on September 11th in 2001, for example, occurred in the United States (state) in New York by non-state actor, Al-Qaeda and there were various alliances and networks around the world involved to solve the resulting conflict (Saner Yiu 2003, p. 10). The twenty-first century has undergone serious globalisation, meaning that diplomacy in its traditional but narrow capacity can no longer always solve the complex multiple boundary issues that frequently present themselves and therefore must expand its institutional capabilities in order to deal with non-state actors. In many senses diplomacy has already achieved such an evolution in practice however it still holds to its traditional guidelines as a baseline and in a theoretical capacity. The scope of the practice of modern diplomacy has certainly increased in recent times and is now without a doubt capable of dealing with complex issues. It has been developed in such a way that it will be easily adaptable to a changing world and can therefore be a tremendously relevant and potentially essential tool in modern world affairs. GLOBALISATION IMPACTS Diplomacy in the twenty first century has become more than the diplomacy of states and government, although the sovereign state remains as a key actor (Siracusa 2010, p. 06). Globalisation is constantly changing the nature and conduct of diplomacy and as a result it is becoming more rapidly deepened and broadened in current world affairs. Diplomacy today is used to deal with concerns about much broader subjects such as terrorism, human rights, economy, law and climate change, which were not issues in previous centuries and therefore as a result new actors and advanced information technology (IT) have been introduced into the role of diplomacy (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 182). One such example is the speed of the conduct of diplomacy which as a result of IT and electronic communications has increased dramatically and brought international organisations, governments and civil societies much closer together (Murray 2011, p. 726). This, as a result, has diversified the nature of diplomacy to be less state-centric and to have a system that is less state-hierarchical (Chatterjee 2007, p. 111). The wider availability of knowledge available through the internet, has helped one of diplomacy’s key activities, that of gathering information for decision-making purposes. Information is not only available to diplomats but also to non-state entities and to the general public and as a result, diplomacy has become less state-centric. Particular types of information however, cannot be obtained without personal contact by the diplomat, nor can computers accurately analyse, interpret and report this information. The advancement in IT has therefore by no means replaced the need for this diplomatic activity (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 189). Ambassadors today do not simply represent a particular entity, although that is a main part of their role; their primary function is to tactically apply their technical skills in order to promote their home countries image and to nurture good relationships with their host countries (Kerr Wiseman 2013, p. 29). Satow (1979) also asserts that human nature and national character have not altered to any remarkable extent meaning that diplomacy will always be a required part of affairs and diplomats’ roles cannot be replaced by IT (Gore-Booth 1979, p. 442). The new age of IT also improves the negotiation role of diplomacy. It boosts larger participation in policy discussion by members from different departments within a state and also with IGOs as discussion can take place without the necessity of being in the same physical location (Hamilton Langhorne 2011, p. 233). This form of discussion was successfully applied in the negotiations with Bosnia and led to the Dayton agreement (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 187). Modern technology can make diplomacy conduit a much faster process, which means that issues can be resolved quickly. In matters of international safety and other significant and urgent matters, IT has become an essential tool for negotiation in modern international diplomacy (Chatterjee 2007, pp. 114-115). Another example of the effects of globalisation to diplomacy is the role played by intergovernmental organisations such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and transnational corporations. These entities play a large role in the complex international economic and political system of the modern world and affect diplomatic relations in a unique way (Saner Yiu 2003, p. ). Diplomats usually promote their home interests to other countries in relation to commerce and trade and invite private investors but state and private sector relations more often involve complex negotiations that handle the terms of private foreign investment and trade (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 184). Exxon Mobile for instance put efforts to obstruct the United States from signing the Kyoto Protocol agreement in order to avoid its additional liabilities and taxes. Similarly, Microsoft tried to protect its software by influencing the Philippines government to pass a new intellectual property law with the United States government (Rugman 2008, pp. 98-99). These examples show how state entities and private corporation relations affect world and domestic foreign policy. Kerr and Wiseman (2013) assert however, that the involvement of corporations is confined to making international business deals, while nation-state governments ultimately make the decisions regarding the rules of trade (p. 9). The role of the state actor is still very essential to assess the political consequences but they may need to enlarge their capabilities in terms of diplomacy in order to deal with the non-state actors and to learn to manage the multiple boundaries of today’s complex economic and political realities (Sancer Yiu 2003, p. 2). A final example of the effects of globalisation to diplomacy is illustrated through the issue of the rise of terrorism and localis ed wars. Global governance institutions (intergovernmental organisations) such as the United Nations (UN), the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have developed the appearance of holding importance international status (Siddiqui Alam 2010, p. 184), but in reality may not be as productive as dealing with such issues as publicly assumed. The UN’s ability as an effective mediator is unfortunately somewhat exaggerated, mainly due to a lack of military or significant cash flow of its own. It can hardly be a successful mediator without adequate resources. The Somalia intervention from 1992 to 1995, for instance, was a UN and US arranged Unified Task Force (UNITAF) that resulted in disastrous consequences because of a lack of humanitarian aid and other resources that were originally promised (Ketcher 2010, p. 20). Berridge (2010) asserts that intergovernmental organisations are â€Å"free-booting amateurs with limited usefulness† (p. 254). State actors such as official diplomats therefore should be in a key and immensely important position to monitor and regulate global governance institutions in order to ensure the maintenance of appropriate operation (Chatterjee 2007). CONCLUSION Diplomacy as a professional institution is constantly evolving its definition and its practices while still remaining loyal to the key principles that were forged at the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations in 1961. Globalisation and the technological revolution have speedily changed the nature of diplomacy in terms of; technology-based international relations, complex internationalisation problem solving, changing the international system of trade and commerce and the holding a crucial involvement in IGOs and transnational corporations. Diplomacy today is as a result becoming more rapidly depended and broadened in the world affair. Furthermore, it also has made it possible for non-state actors to establish supra-territorial relationships so that while state actors still hold a crucial status, they are able to actively cooperate with non-state actors to secure position and expand knowledge (Saner Yiu 2003, p. 29). Despite contrary opinions diplomacy has clearly and successfully adapted to the modern world and as a result plays a very significant role in the relation between different political parties, albeit a slightly different and expanded role that is traditionally filled. In view of this it is likely that diplomacy will continue to be a very effective tool, capable of shaping and moulding modern world affairs between the different political partners and in doing so will continue to control the forefront of international relations in the future. How to cite Modern World Affairs, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Reforms in Education Industry

Question: Discuss about the Reforms in Education Industry. Answer: Reforms in the Australian Education Industry Introduction The Australian education industry is chosen by me to complete this research essay effectively. It is because of the Australian education industry is quickly developing industry as contrast with different ventures. Moreover, there can be seen standards and current advancements in the Australian education industry. In the earlier years, a few imaginative advancements and patterns happened in the education industry of the nations. These improvements as well as patterns have changed the notoriety of the business. In addition, present day and element instructive arrangements and systems are the real reasons for the advancement in the business. These dynamic patterns as well as improvements have upgraded the picture of the Australian education industry in all over the world. Along with this, this essay would be valuable to depict the present patterns of the Australian instruction industry. What's more, in this paper, distinctive sorts of advancement of the training business would be talked about to finish the results of the exploration in an effectual and a proper manner In addition, this exploration paper would be useful to build up a reasonable comprehension about the Australian instruction industry in the brains of understudies as well as analysts. Reforms in Education Industry of Australia In the present day, Australian training industry is considered as the most dynamic and inventive industry on the planet. It is a result of the instruction arrangement of Australia incorporates both nearby and worldwide understudies in an equivalent way. These days, there can be seen real reforms in the instruction arrangement of the countries. For case, as of now, it is the most practical and empowering industry on the planet. The administration of the country has created current instructive strategies to rouse the worldwide understudies. With the assistance of Australian training industry, understudies of the considerable number of countries may satisfy their instructive dreams properly (Australian Education System, 2016). The government has arranged the instruction framework in the three noteworthy parts: tertiary, essential and optional just to enhance the training arrangement of the country. In addition to this, the element instructive arrangements and systems of country rouse outsiders to make their commitments in the improvement of the business. The administration gives budgetary support and efficacious foundation to enhance the instruction level of the establishments, colleges and schools of the country (Schiller and Liefner, 2007). Along with this, the Australian government has embraced an implemented instruction framework to diminish the instructive issues inside the business. The government assumes a noteworthy part to give important pleasantries and satisfactory sponsorship offices to the training business of the country. The administration screens the execution of the instruction framework on the consistent premise. In the same manner, in the earlier years, there can be seen brisk improvements in the instructive segment of the country. These advancements uncover conscientious reforms inside the instructive structure. For case, there is a wide assortment of convincing methodology inside the Australian training framework. This method is fundamental with a specific end goal to make the framework more innovative and successful at the worldwide level (Smith, 2010). Also, the other real reform in the training business is that it can enhance the aptitudes, information and limits of understudies and in addition learners for their splendid future. Besides, the administration of Australia has a vital impact by offering distinctive one of a kind instructive procedures and ways to deal with the business. The Australian government is actualizing diverse standards and controls in the training business; so the country may concentrate on free and mandatory instruction for the general advancement of the general population. The real objective of the Australian government is the support of training in every last corner of the country (Graham, 2013). Moreover, the examination demonstrates that, the Australian government has expanded its financial plan on training lately. The legislature set up various sorts of NGO's and open relationship to develop an imaginative and enthusiastic instructive culture inside the country. These NGO's and open affiliations energize instruction inside and outside of the country. Along with this, the Australian instruction framework is reasonable arranged rather than hypothesis situated. It is a significant change that has been done in the business. The training business does not concentrate on the hypothetical learning. It concentrates on the general physical and mental advancement of the understudies or learners. The legislature of country offers various grants and furthermore leads preparing projects to empower the understudies for the instruction (Eggins, 2014). For instance, the Australian government has created Commonwealth Grants Scheme to give monetary support to the researchers. The Australian government additionally settled distinctive sorts of money related organizations to offer instructions credit offices to the poor disciples. For case, advanced education advance projects have allowed advances of various understudies; so they can finish their high instruction in an appropriate way. Apart from this, the other significant change is that the Australian government has started various arrangements and methods for the charge deregulation, endowment cuts, and framework advancement at the worldwide level. Along these lines, it can be expected that, there have been done various changes in the training business of Australia. These changes are useful to diminish the issues of training arrangement of the country (Blackmore and Sachs, 2012). These changes are useful to enhance the instruction level, as well as the business and wage level of the country in a solid and a noteworthy way. Conclusion On the basis of the above talk, it can be expected that, the Australian training industry has turned out to be conspicuous in everywhere throughout the world. The cutting edge strategies and strategies of the Australian government make the training framework more profitable and strong for the researchers. Moreover, the financing offices and sponsorships gave by the administration; NGO's and open associations assume a critical part in the general advancement of understudies or learners. In addition, the legislature has made an arrangement in which instruction is a mandatory for every single individual of the country. This is the most critical change that has been done in the training business of Australia. References Australian Education System. (2016). Study in Australia. Available At: [Accessed On: 6th April 2017] Blackmore, J. and Sachs, J. (2012). Performing and Reforming Leaders: Gender, Educational Restructuring, and Organizational Change. USA: SUNY Press. Eggins, H. (2014). Globalization and reform in higher education. Australia: University of Michigan. Graham, J. (2013). Global Education Reform Movement. Professional Voice, 9(3), pp. 5-47. Schiller, D. and Liefner, I. (2007). Higher education funding reform and universityindustry links in developing countries: The case of Thailand. Higher Education, 54(4), pp.543-556. Smith, E. (2010). A review of twenty years of competency?based training in the Australian vocational education and training system. International journal of training and development, 14(1), pp.54-64.

Friday, March 27, 2020

Research Paper Writing Help Guide

Research Paper Writing Help Guide What is Research Paper A definition of Research Paper is as follows: A research paper is a presentation of findings after you have investigated a topic. How do you conduct the investigation? You do this by accumulating primary and secondary sources. Relevant sources must be evaluated, and here is where you need to use your critical thinking skills. Purpose of Research Paper Purpose of Research Paper is to interpret material and offer a unique perspective, solution, or answer: Suggesting how an issue or process can be improved Highlighting both the strengths and weaknesses of material Learning how to evaluate the work of others Expanding on and adding to existing thoughts Types of Research Papers Students present findings in various forms depending on the question requirements. The two most popular forms are: By purpose: Argumentative Research Paper This paper persuades readers to accept a theory that is controversial or debatable. The writer offers a stance in the introduction in their thesis statement and then argues in favor of the position. Using credible primary and secondary sources, they convince readers of a unique viewpoint. Analytical Research Paper The purpose is to explore the answer to a question about a topic. Writers don’t stick to a particular side. They analyze a range of viewpoints and include enough support based on strong sources. This way, readers can make their own conclusions. Critical evaluation is essential! By Format: General Research Paper This format is appropriate for writing in the humanities. Logical arrangement and critical analysis help readers to understand your deductions. A general research paper contains three main sections an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. You also need to consider if the paper is argumentative, analytical, or one of the other types. Scientific Research Paper A scientific research paper uses a more rigid structure to present findings and methods. This creates a system of uniformity to deliver data to the scientific community. Because of its structure, people can obtain information from a scientific paper in different ways they can browse the abstract or go straight to tables and results. Read more: General vs Scientific research paper: What is the Difference? Steps to Writing a Good Research Paper Choosing a Topic Try to find a topic that truly interests you Try writing your way to a topic Talk with your course instructor and classmates about your topic Pose your topic as a question to be answered or a problem to be solved Useful links: How to choose a Research Paper Topic? Research Topics Ideas Paper Topic Generator Conducting Research Selecting Sources Here are some tips for finding primary and secondary sources online: Search the websites of institutions, organizations, and people that are experts in the field or who are reputable sources of knowledge. For example, Encyclopedia Britannica and Encyclopedia Americana (available through a library) have long been trusted knowledge bases. Use online libraries such as the International Public Library and the Wall Street Executive Library categorizes thousands of newspapers from around the world Use databases like Google Scholar and Science Direct to find research abstracts and reports, journal articles, manuscripts, scholarly articles, and much more. Pay attention to the domain name of websites. A domain is identified by the letters at the end of a website URL. If you want to find reports from a university, for instance, focus on sites with .edu at the end of the URL. Government websites end with .gov. Information on these sites is probably more accurate than .com pages. Documenting Information Organize your research by using annotations and making lists of references. Use cards, colors, or any other method to group ideas. Note why you think the source is important and what point it supports. This is useful for creating a good outline and facilitates the writing process. Writing an Outline What is Research Paper Outline An outline is a plan of how you will arrange ideas in the most effective way possible. Information needs to be organized and must flow logically for readers to understand the point of your research. Purpose of Outline The purpose and advantages of preparing an outline before writing include: You classify information beforehand; Consequently, you focus on expressing your ideas and using the right grammar and structures when you write the actual paper. Outlining saves time. You do the hard work of finalizing main points and supporting data and facts. All you need to do afterward is write it coherently. An outline reveals irrelevant or weak material. When you view the full plan and how ideas flow and complement each other, unnecessary points are clear to spot. Outlining allows you to select the most relevant sources and incorporate them in a way that strengthens your points. How to Construct an Outline Your outline is not set in stone. You can go back and change sections if you find new information or discover better research. However, the elements of an outline are standard, and they separate the blueprint into an introduction, body paragraphs or sections, and a conclusion. Sections can be divided using headings and subheadings. Main headings use roman numerals (I, II, III, IV etc.) Subheadings use letters of the alphabet (A, B, C etc.) Each main heading should contain two or more subheadings. Useful links: How to write a Research Paper Outline? Writing a Body Here is where a strong outline makes writing easier. You know the number of body paragraphs to include. You have a main idea for each body paragraph as well as its supporting information, and you can integrate your sources to support claims. Remember you don’t summarize sources. You analyze, deconstruct, compare and explain them in order to lend weight to your paragraphs and, ultimately, your thesis statement. The number of body paragraphs depends on the depth of research. Longer projects need several headings and subheadings in the body. Writing a Conclusion End your paper with a conclusion that rephrases the thesis statement and summarizes main points. Explain your deductions and suggest areas of the topic that can be researched next. Revising and Making a Final Draft Check overall organization: logical flow of introduction, coherence and depth of discussion in body, effectiveness of conclusion. Paragraph level concerns: topic sentences, sequence of ideas within paragraphs, use of details to support generalizations, summary sentences where necessary, use of transitions within and between paragraphs. Sentence level concerns: sentence structure, word choices, punctuation, spelling. Documentation: consistent use of one system, citation of all material not considered common knowledge, appropriate use of endnotes or footnotes, accuracy of list of works cited. Research Paper Help By Type of Service Research Paper Writing Service offers Research Paper Writing Service to high-school and college level students. It may help if you want to get you paper written for you by someone professional in the field of study. Scope of Service Research Paper Writing Service includes the following types of assignments: Custom Papers Research Proposal Research Summary Research Paper Writing How it works? Research Paper Writing Service works like that: Student places an Order Make their offers Student Hires a Writer Writer Works on a Research Paper and reports on the progress Student pays in milestones if happy Price Starts from $18 per page. Discounts apply to new customers as well as offers with extended deadline. Features: Title page Formatting References Plagiarism check Examples of completed orders Research Paper Example Research Paper Introduction Example Topic Generation Use Essay Topic Generator at to discover a topic that truly interests you. Topics are already stated as a question to be answered or a problem to be solved. Examples of Research Paper by other Students Magic Help is a great website that gives access to more 20 000 essay and research paper examples and is updated daily. All essays are written by actual students and donated to the database for educational purposes. Essay Builder Essay Builder (beta) is tool that helps build essays online, gives suggestion on grammar, style, language use as well as has in-built plagiarism check. Essay Checker Robot Don is a great way to check essay and recieve an Essay Score by 7 characteristics. It really helps and may even predict your Grade. Research Paper Editing Service Available at and provided by hundreds of freelance editors. Research Paper Proofreading Service Also, available at and provided by hundreds of freelance profreaders. By Marker’s Expectations: Research Make sure you have done the following steps on Research Stage: Selected the type of research paper Picked a worthwhile topic Gathered information from a variety of primary and secondary sources Constructed a solid outline to guide your thought and writing processes Put everything together in written form If you have not or need help, consider using: Topic Generator Examples by other Students to get you some Ideas Content Here’s the Research Paper Content Checklist: The paper shows critical analysis of the topic Your introduction contains a thesis statement or a hypothesis. You worked according to your outline, for the most part, ensuring no important data has been omitted. The paper answers the thesis or proves/disproves the hypothesis presented in the introduction. Ideas flow logically and support the thesis or hypothesis. Supporting information and sources are valid and act as a strong backbone for the paper. Facts and figures are accurate. Sources are accurately cited using APA, MLA, or Chicago. If you feel uncomfortable about your Content Quality here are Research Paper Help options for you: Research Paper Writers Essay Builder Essay Checker Language and Style Research Paper Language and Style Checklist: The correct tenses are used. For example, use the past tense to describe methods or the present tense for generally accepted facts. Vocabulary and writing style make your ideas clear and concise, so the point of the paper is not lost to the reader. The language shows objectivity. Using the third person instead of the pronoun ‘I’ is one way to do this. Spelling and punctuation are accurate. Paragraphs contain a topic sentence, transitions, and a summary sentence if necessary. The paper is divided into appropriate sections headings are used to lead from one section to another and transition words link ideas. The paper is in the right format and follows the instructors guidelines. The language is formal. Help Tips: Use Robot Don, the Essay Checker, to check Language Usage, Readability as well as get ab overall Grade for your Paper. Use Revision Service

Friday, March 6, 2020

Business Intelligence Plan Essays

Business Intelligence Plan Essays Business Intelligence Plan Essay Business Intelligence Plan Essay Business Intelligence Plan Executive Summary The purpose of this report is to explain the importance of Business Intelligence and all of its components for implementation into the business structure. During the recent years obtaining useful information in real time has become something that is extremely important, if not even a critical, factor of success for companies. The time managers have available for use in making business decisions has been reduced dramatically. Competitive pressures are now requiring that businesses make intelligent decisions based on their incoming business data, and these decisions ust be made immediately (Business Intelligence and Data Warehousing, 2005, p. 5; Hocevar Jaklic, 2010, p. 91). Businesses are looking at tools that will enable them to keep up with technology and its swift movement throughout the business environment. The tool that will enable those managers to do this is called business intelligence. Due to the swift pace of todays business environment, these systems of business intelligence have become an almost indispensable part of the success of many organizations. With the aid of business intelligence, managers are able to fficiently and effectively detect important trends, analyze the behavior of customers and facilitate expedient decision-making (Hocevar Jaklic, 2010, p. 91). Business Intelligence is defined as a broad concept which includes the appropriate orientation of the entire organization. It deals with the acquisition, management and analysis of large amounts of data about business partners, products, services, customers and suppliers, activities and transactions between them (Lu Zhou, 2000, p. 3; Hocevar Jaklic, 2010, p. 92). The implementation plan provided will allow the stakeholders to nalyze the many different ways in which business intelligence will help the company grow. In this implementation there are several different structures that will assist the company with business intelligence. Areas covered will include a comprehensive review ot Business Intelligence, data sources and characteristics in the organization, data governance and quality overview, the selection of a data mining vendor, business analytics summary along with the selected vendor, Bl service provider value and provider selection, and lastly a business dashboard with the vendor comparison. Introduction to Business Intelligence According to Skriletz (2002) reviewing the principles behind Bl best practices and technology innovations reveals some interesting points about managing Bl strategically. The principles are to: Create stability in the basic structures of data fundamental for providing Bl and running the business. Ensure that each data element stands on its own as a fact or attribute. Keep an enterprise-wide focus, not a departmental, regional or other category focus. Make Bl not simply the analytical report, but the information a manager or executive needs in order to make an informed decision. Use several different Bl technologies that play well together. The organizational roles that will benefit from business intelligence (81) would be marketing managers, medical professionals, Logistic managers, campaign managers, HR managers, and also office managers. When effectively integrated into processes, Bl can help an organization meet mission-critical goals such as improving sales results, growing customer satisfaction, workflow processes, advancing corporate goals including sustainability management, cultivating return on investment, and saving lives (Felix, 2009). A component of Bl would be Data. This component is considered to be one of the key components of business intelligence. When implementing business strategies an important component most times is the data. Data is always created in order to derive at business decisions that are being made. The source of the data will also be extremely important and will aid in understanding trends and issues that exists for the business. Another component is the data quality. This is an essential component of Bl for arriving at valid business decisions. Similar data can be stored in multiple repositories within a single business; one example would be he inventory of items for sale. When considering data sources, it is important to understand if there is a recognized authoritative source for a specific type of data. In many enterprises, the data required for making business decisions is created by wide ranging applications, perhaps from separate lines of business (Theme 1). Bl systems today have the capacity to work with numerous types of data such as numerical or non-numerical data. The quality ot this data is as important as any other data. The difference in the level of data quality is one of the many factors that ay explain why some organizations are successful with their Bl initiative while some are not so successful (Isik, 0. , Jones, M. C. , Sidoroya, A. 2011). Component three is Data Analytics. This component is used for the analysis of data. Data analytics refers to the business intelligence technologies that are grounded for the most part in data mining and statistical analysis. Due to the success that has been achieved overall by the data mining and statistical analysis community, data analytics continues to be an active area of research (Hsinchun, Chiang, Storey, 2012). Data analytics are tructured in statistical theories and models, multivariate statistical analysis. It also covers other analytical techniques such as regression, factor analysis, clustering, and discriminant analysis that have been used and have been successful in innumerable business applications (Hsinchun, Chiang, Storey, 2012). Also, in order to create a Business Intelligence environment you would need to build an analytical data warehouse for managers. In many institutions, the most important decision metrics are calculated based on information obtained from numerous systems (Mircea Andreescu, 2009). An industry that could and probably does benefit from the application of business intelligence would be Industrial-organizational (1/0) Psychology. Psychological research is riddled with data that is essential to the outcome of the research being done. Data analytics and data quality is essential to research. In doing research there is much value that can be derived from the use of business intelligence. Because one of the components is data analytics this adds direct value to the research. Research is a compilation of data that is used for validating theories. Industrial-organizational psychologists help companies bring bout compliance and raise employees productivity in the workplace. They will also focus on the operation and design of organizations (Feldman, 2013). The scientific method in psychology require that the approach used by psychologists to systematically acquire knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena of interest is done in a way that can be explained, seen, and proven with more accuracy (Feldman, 2013). The potential value that could be derived from its use is that you can achieve valid data, as well as being able to use the statistical data that s derived using methods such as factor analysis, clustering, and regression in a way that aids in achieving reliable data. For instance, if they are doing research on emotional intelligence because of using data quality and data analytics researchers may be able to find out how to have increased efficiency in communication that will lead to the resulting ability to establish mutually beneficial working relationships (Bennett, 2009). Business Intelligence adds value to the data that is being gathered by providing the 1/0 psychologists with a tool for providing the companies that they re working for researched data and valuable information that can aid in the enhancement of employee/employer relationships. It can also lead to improved decision making for the companies also. In the next section of this paper we will be discussing the data sources and also characteristics in the organization. This section will give some clarity on data and how it is used in Business Intelligence. Data Sources and Characteristics in the Organization The Term big data has emerged to describe the growth ot data along with systems and technology required to leverage it. As with many new technologies, the term has yet to be universally defined, but generally speaking, big data represents data sets such as structured and unstructured data that can no longer be easily managed or analyzed with traditional or common data management tools, methods and infrastructures (Rogers, 2011). Even today, the scope of big data is growing so rapidly. It is growing beyond niche sources to include sensor and machine data, transactional data, metadata, social network data and consumer authored information (Rogers, 2011). There is a lot of room for research opportunities that xists for Business Intelligence. It can be used for managing semi-structured information (Negash, 2004). Data Sources Structured data is going to be produced by a generally large amount of information that includes a vast amount of raw data. Structured data is anything that has an enforced composition to the atomic data types. Structured data is going to be managed by technology and it allows for querying and reporting against predetermined data types and understood relationships (Weglarz, 2004). Structured data typically resides in databases. Such data is organized into tables with columns nd rows of defined data types; relationships between various data fields and tables are clearly defined. Some of the most common are relational database management systems (RDBMS) that are capable of handling large volumes of data such as Oracle, IBM DB2, MS SQL Server, Sybase, and Teradata (Brannon, 2010). Unstructured data is going to consists of any data that is stored in an unstructured format at an atomic level. That is, in the unstructured content, there is a no conceptual definition and no data type definition in textual documents, a word is simply a word (Weglarz, 2004). Unstructured data is going to reside outside of structured databases. This data includes electronic documents, PowerPoint presentations, spreadsheets, email, images, schedules, IM logs, and Multimedia files, etc. This data will also usually reside on individual computers or on file servers (Brannon, 2010). HR Data Sources Human Resource (HR) collects and utilizes data as a direct result of their daily activities. They utilize unstructured data at a high volume and also have a high volume of structured data that they have to handle. They are collecting data on prospective employees, current employees, and even former employees. Information such as payroll, hours worked, vacation time, sick time, days absent, performance evaluations, pay grade, raises, age, date of birth, start date, end date, Job title, etc. need to be input and stored into a myriad of spreadsheets that exists within a database that is designated for that specific information. This activity of collecting information and inputting information leads to high volumes of workflows and massive amounts of related data (PemmaraJu, 2007). As HR is called on as a partner in corporate decision making, it must first began by taking inventory of what is being easured and how. HR first needs to make sure the right applications and technologies are in place. Even though human resource information systems are increasingly implemented, if the proper tools are not available to access the data in a meaningful way, the data collected is of little use. An abundance of data should never be confused with implementing true workforce analytics (PemmaraJu, 2007). Importance of Data Characteristics Business intelligence can attord an organization wit n the means to an end. There is so much data that needs to be taken into account when conducting business that it is rucial that a business has a way in which to maintain all information needed. When using Bl data characteristics will aid in the success of Bl. When making decisions in regards to business matters data characteristics will weigh heavily on the outcome of the decision. Having sound and effective data is going to be imperative. According to Sauter (2011, p. 3) good decision making means we are informed and have relevant and appropriate information on which to base our choices among alternatives. Data Characteristics Relevance One characteristic is the relevance of the data. Relevance of the data can be defined s a function of the choices and alternatives available to the decision makers (Sauter, 2011, p. 78). Relevance is going to be of value to the HR department because of the amount of information that they will have stored on each employee. Maintaining only needed information according to relevance is going to be essential to quality, timeliness, and storage space. Reliability Many will assume that the data is correct if they are included in the database; designers therefore need to ensure that they are accurate. They should always verify the input of the data and the integrity of the database (Sauter, 2011, p. 0). The value of data reliability is that there is time saved on time being spent with the periodical reports (report collecting, diverse consolidations and adjustments, reducing the amount of time spent on repetitive activities, reducing the part played by the IT department in generating reports in favor of the end-user and , the most important thing, reducing the time for decision making (Luminita Magdalena, 2009). Understandability According to Sauter (2011, p. 76) if decision makers cannot understand what is in the database and if the database lends itself to perceptual errors then the decision akers cannot use it effectively. The key is going to be simplifying the representation in the database without losing the meaning of the data. The value that this will add to HR is that it will save time when they are attempting to make decisions when hiring, firing and going over information that is being used for assessments and benefits. Summary These data sources and characteristics can provide the HR industry with tools that will assist them in effectively using Business Intelligence. Because there are many different sources and characteristics it is essential that businesses know the value of having this information. There is so much information out there and so much information and data that we have to rely on. The importance of data and its structure should always be utilized with reverence to the business. Protection from too much information and providing access to useful data without overwhelming or misleading is going to be a valuable asset to any business (Sauter, 2011, p. 85). Having useful information is key to helping the decision makers make sound decisions for the business. This next section will discuss data governance and quality overview. The importance of both will be seen in this section providing the rganization with valuable information in regards to this area of Business Intelligence. Data Governance and Quality ta governance will assist the company in ascertaining power over now intormation is handled. This will give assurance to those within the organization that the company is being managed in the proper manner when it comes to processing and handling information. When data governance is incorporated into the business process the company can better monitor issues. Data governance is also about teamwork and helping those within the company to work together in a more consistent and orderly method. According to Sarsfield, (2009, p. 153) the choice about data governance is one about hearing the voices of your people within the organization. The sound of bad harmonization and discord can be heard loudly in companies that dont listen to it. Its only when you harmonize the voices of technologists, executives and business teams that it allows you to product a beautiful song; one that can bring your company teamwork, strategic direction and profit. Data governance is going to be important to the existence of the company. It is going to help the company more effectively manage our data and treat it like the valuable nterprise asset it is. In all actuality effective data governance isnt going to be Just about data at all. Its also about changing how the company views its data (Griffin, 2011, p. 11-12). Data governance will assist with the guarantee that our data can be trusted and that people can be made accountable for any adverse event that happens because of poor data quality. It is about the company putting people in charge of fixing and preventing issues with data, so that the enterprise can become more efficient (Sarsfield, 2009, p. 38). Having said that governance of company stakeholders will be essential to the company and its goals. In order to effectively implement governance there needs to be a governance team in place. One critical step in establishing a data governance program is identifying the owner of each type of data. Once you can link data quality to the processes and people that generate the data, you can get accountability for on-going maintenance (Badrakhan, 2010, p. 36). Organizational Roles The organization roles will include a cross-functional team along with the Board of Directors, CEO/President, COO, VP Finance and Operations, and a chief data office (CDO). Board of Directors The role of the board should be set down in the organization by-laws. So too must the policies and procedures be established and documented. These will differ between organizations, but it is important that all board members be informed of their expected roles and responsibilities at the beginning of their term. CEO/President The CEOs main duty is setting strategy and vision. The CEO ultimately sets the direction of the organization. The CEO decides, sets budgets, forms partnerships, and hires a team to steer the company accordingly. COO Through a respectful, constructive and energetic style, guided by the objectives of company, the COO provides the leadership, management and vision ecessary to ensure that the company has the proper operational controls, administrative and reporting procedures, and people systems in place to effectively grow the organization and to ensure financial strength and operating efficiency (www. shrm. org). VP Finance and Operations In this role the VP Finance and Operations will advise the president and other key members of senior management on financial planning, budgeting, cash flow, investment priorities, and policy matters. They will also serve as the management liaison to the board and audit committee, while continuing to ettectively communicate and present critical financial matters at elect board of directors and committee meetings (www. bridgespan. org). The CDO or equivalent position should have real accountability and may exist at either or both of the group and the divisional levels depending on the culture and strength of the bonds between the business units. There will also be principles set forth and they will become the key performance indicators (KPIs). The role and the budgets should include an element expressed in terms of the selected information currencies. Apart from the authority that the role needs to carry though a senior executive reporting ine, the office of the CDO should have direct accountability to the board and specifically the audit subcommittee or its equivalent (Hillard, 2010, p. 24). Data governance for the stakeholders can lead to effective compliance with government regulation, improved customer satisfaction, improved market position, cost reduction, improved business intelligence reporting, and the ability to respond faster to business change (Waddington, 2010, p. 5). Data quality is going to be an essential aspect of data governance; therefore the company is going to need to place a great amount of emphasis on measuring data quality. Success in a Business Intelligence environment will require that people in the organization and the team trust the results they receive. This can only be accomplished if the data meets quality expectations set forth by the data governance team and it is clearly understood by the business and its community (Geiger, 2010, p. 37). A detriment of poor data quality might be when information is put into the computer by someone for the purpose of obtaining a number that provides them with how much to charge someone for something like insurance. If the age is incorrect then that could cause the rates to be ither higher or lower because age is an important part of the quoting process. So for instance if someone was to put 21 instead of 41 in the system for the persons age that could cause their rates to go up because of the level of experience that is sometimes equated to the age. Not knowing that there is an error in the data could cause the company to lose business because the person feels that the quote is too high. Data governance will provide standards that will be set forth in regards to the data quality. There are going to be three key elements that exist for data quality measurements. They should be applied to the data residing in the database. They are completeness, compliance, and accuracy. The completeness measure provides a count of how many records in a data set are missing one or more details. The compliance counts the records that fail to meet business rules on each record. The accuracy measure estimates using statistical and other techniques whether there are likely to be errors in the data set (Hilliard, 2010, p. 160). These elements will aid in assisting the team with data governance. The goal of data governance is not Just to clarify who owns data but also to optimize its value. The data itself is merely the means to the desired end of improved business performance. Accordingly, the responsibility for data governance efforts should fall at least as much on the business as it does on IT?and preferably more (wmw. nformatica. com). Data governance will provide the business with proper guidelines in order to effectually operate. Data governance is also key to providing sufficient data quality. The implementation of data governance through business intelligence will ultimately provide the company with a tool to monitor and sustain efficient data quality. The next section will iscuss data mining and also obtain a choice tor a vendor that will provide the organization with what it needs in order to effectively launch a successful Bl implementation. Data Mining Data Mining is considered to be a deeper search in the source data. It is also known as knowledge discovery in large databases. It is very a very powerful instrument that can often be used to extract useful information. Many times the knowledge can be considered to be previously unknown valid and the same time operational. The extracted knowledge has to be translated and applied in reality. Data Mining is going o be different from some of the other data processing for data analysis, such as data query, reports, OLAP etc. Information obtained through Data Mining techniques can be predictive or descriptive. Predictive information is used to describe an event, such as the possibility of fraud (Emil Claudia, 2010, p. 806). Given a data set, the data mining process is going to start off with elementary data analysis. It will allow the analyst to understand the characteristic of the attributes of the data set (dependency, ranges, max, min, count, average, standard deviation, quartiles, outliers, etc. ). The data set is then going to be divided into a training set and a testing and validation data set (holdout). The training data set is used to build the mining structure and associated mining models. If a model is valid and its accuracy is acceptable, it is then used for prediction Oafar, 2010, p. 17). Data mining is also a valuable tool in decision report and uses algorithms and statistics to analyze large data sets. Data mining is going to connect data to the business practice. It can also be used in business to understand customers. Data mining is going to measure what the business knows and what they should know. Data Mining has proven to be highly effective in addressing business problems. By taking advantage of the information treasures in a data mine companies are able to fit pieces of information together to solve their most challenging business puzzles and those of their clients. If you use data mining to support business planning and decision making you are able to put together the vast amount of data in order to see the big picture (Mehok, 2013, p. 83). The two data mining vendors to choose from are Weka (Pentaho) and RapidMining. Both will offer some great qualities that will only add to the success of the rganization. RapidMining The first vendor is RapidMining. RapidMining is a product of Rapid-I. Rapid-I offers software and services for business analytics. The company was founded in 2006, and is headquartered in Dortmund, Germany. It has been in development since 2001. The company has more than 30 partners on all continents, 3 million production downloads, more than 35,000 production deployments and more than 400 customers in more than 40 countries (rapid-i. om). RapidMining is data mining software that offers a complete package to its users. The software is easy to use and install. Installation usually takes about five minutes. It is considered open source software. It is one of the most comprehensive data mining solutions that offer data integration, transformation, and modeling methods. It is a complete business intelligence solution. RapidMiner is a complete business analytics workbench with strong foc us on data mining, text mining, and predictive analytics. It uses a wide variety of descriptive and predictive techniques to give you the insight to make profitable decisions. There are no software license fees and it offers flexible and affordable support options. Fast development is available even when highly complex data mining processes exist. RapidMiner also offers guaranteed operational reliability. RapidMining offers one tool for all task involved allowing the processes to interact with one another and be transformed for integration with a few clicks ( rapid-i. com). Some of the mining methods offered are stream mining, In-database-mining, and Radoop. For stream mining instead of holding complete data sets in the memory, only parts of the data are taken through an analysis process and the part results aggregated in suitable location later on. Instead of taking the data to the algorithm n-database-mining supports taking the algorithms to the data. Radoop is the worlds first graphical connection of Hadoop for the handling of big data analytics, meaning that even terabytes and petabytes of data can be transformed and analyzed (www. Rapid-l. om) Weka (Pentaho) The second vendor is Weka. Weka was originally created in 1993 at the University of Waikato in New Zealand and was available on sourceforge. net since 2000. The Weka project was established by the University of Waikato as a platform for the research and testing of advanced machine learning techniques. Since that time, Weka has eveloped a large and loyal following in both academic and industry c ircles, and has been downloaded more than 600, 000 times (www. pentaho. com). Sometime in 2006 Pentaho Corp. , acquired the Weka open source data mining project. Pentaho is considered to be one of the worlds largest open source business intelligence suites out there. Weka is currently widely used as a great tool for data mining. It has what they call an open source code and it can be used for machine learning and it can also be used for mining large datasets. Machine learning algorithms will aid in finding significant consistencies in large data sets. Weka is easy to use and easily accessible. Weka is considered open source software and it is issued under the GNU General Public License. Organizations use Wekas data mining tools to understand relationships between internal factors like price, product placement, or staff skills as well as external factors like economic indicators, competition, and target market demographics; analyze the impact of potential changes to critical business metrics like sales volumes, customer loyalty, and profitability; and perform business-critical calculations such as market-basket analysis, customer segmentation, pricing ptimization and fraud detection (www. pentaho. com). Weka (Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis) is an ensemble of data mining algorithms written in Java. These algorithms can either be applied directly to a dataset using the Weka explorer or called from your own modified Java code. It contains tools for data pre-processing, classification, regression, clustering, association rules, and visualization and can be used to develop new machine learning schemes (NA, Weka, 2010). The main point of integration between WEKA and the Pentaho platform is with Pentaho Data Integration PDI), also known as the Kettle proJect4. PDI is a streaming, engine driven ETL tool. Its rich set of extract and transform operations, combined with support for a large variety of databases, are a natural complement to WEKAS data filters. PDI can easily export data sets in WEKAS native ARFF format to be used immediately for model creation (Hall, M. , Frank, E. , Holmes, G. , Pfahringer, B. , Reutemann, P. , Willten, nd). Vendor Choice The suggested data mining vendor choice is Weka (Pentaho). This would be a great vendor to use tor our organization because ot what it otters in i s sottware. It offers an extensive amount of features and we can expect that any data sets used we will receive a thorough and extensive mining process that will assist the business in looking at customer loyalty, items being used by customer, customer concerns, along with monetary values. All features of business intelligence will be supported including web services, workflow integration, security, auditing, scheduling, navigation, portal integration, workbench-based designer and administration tools Oira. pentaho. com). Business Analytics Summary and Vendor Selection Companies are increasingly delivering value through business analytics (BA), which includes the people, processes and technologies that turn data into the insights that drive business decision and actions. Organizations with enterprise BA capabilities establish a sound foundation of high-quality, usable and integrated data. Business users identify insights from the data, make decisions and solve important business problems, thereby triggering actions that generate a wide range of tangible and intangible business value (Wixom, Yen, Relich, 2013, p. 11). Some vendors that utilize business analytics are SAS and Oracle. Both vendors supply a product that provides businesses with valuable tools that will assist them with queries, reporting and advanced analytics software. Business analytics is the most advanced component of business intelligence. Having an analytic capability will enable fact- based decisions using quantitative models. These models will ultimately draw on statistical and quantitative analysis of large data repositories. An analytic capability is especially critical in healthcare because lives are at stake and there is intense pressure to reduce costs and improve efficiency (Ghost Scott, 2011). An analytic apability drives fact-based management decisions and actions with extensive use of data, statistical and quantitative analysis, explanatory and predictive models [Davenport and Harris, 2007]. Success with advanced analytics is highly dependent on the quality and completeness of the data subject to analysis, as well as the sophistication of the algorithms and models on which analyses depend [Adams et al. 2010]. The availability of high quality data and technology needs to be coupled with organizational routines and individual skills for an analytic capability (Shanks et al. , 2010; Ghost Scott, 2011). There are some key components to todays business analytics solutions they are data and text mining, Data visualization, Forecasting, Operations Research and Analysis, Quality improvement, and Statist ical analysis. Data and text mining is one that e

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Justice System in the UAE Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words

Justice System in the UAE - Research Paper Example † (Judicial System in Abu Dhabi par 13) on the other hand, Ras Al Khaimah does not have a Court of Cassation. The major source of law is legislation. The UAE mainly follows the system of civil law, inspired by the French and Roman legal systems as well as the Egyptian law of civil codes. The court system is generally inquisitorial, unbound by precedent and comprised of specifically skilled judicial officers. Despite being a federation of United Emirates, the judicial scheme is not all-inclusive or wide ranging, as some of the emirates have their own self-governing judicial systems. In spite of being an Islamic nation, the application of Shari’ah law is controlled and contractual as well as commercial transactions are controlled by written commercial laws and codes that can be relied upon by the needs of western businesses. The Justice system: The Justice system in the UAE is mainly based on the Constitution of the UAE? 1971 (Constitution). The federation has control over all affairs assigned to it in the Constitution. Each individual member of United Emirates has power over their own territories in all matters? rather than just the exclusive authority of the federation, as set out in the UAE Constitution. Additionally, every Emirate has a hereditary sovereign who exercises substantial control over his own Emirate. The 7 rulers, as members or associates of the Supreme Council, jointly exercise control over the UAE. The Sharia civil law systems are the chief sources of legislation (Constitution). Civil law system: The UAE functions in civil law statutes and such systems are the primary source of law. Decisions of the high courts in the UAE are not based on any decisions made by low courts. â€Å"In litigation matters, the pleadings submitted by the parties - plaints or written statements - play a determining role as the courts generally decide cases based upon them† (Latheef par 4). Every case is discussed and a decision is reached based on it s own facts and merits. Every proceeding in the court is in Arabic. All Non-Arabic documents filed in the court by appellants are to be converted into Arabic by a translator licensed by the Ministry of Justice. The Sharia: Generally, the Sharia is a body of ethical, religious and legal rules. The fundamental and basic roots of Islamic Sharia are: The Koran? which is a compilation of divinely ordained policies. The Sunna that includes the teachings of Prophet (Hadith), as well as an account of his proceeding and actions. Sharia is established on well-known concepts of equity and justice, and its practical effect in commercial matters is frequently the same as would be attained in Western law. â€Å"To say that the Shari’a should govern judicial decisions is to refer to a process rather than to specify a result. Shari’a itself includes different schools of thought on a number of legal issues. However, it is founded on familiar concepts of justice and equity, and the pra ctical result in commercial matters is often, though not always, the same as would be reached under Western jurisprudence† (United Arab Emirates par 257). For example, Sharia strives to provide effect to the party’s intention in matters of contract. On the other hand, the intention of the party may be in a different way construed by jurists in the two systems. For instance, one researcher has argued convincingly that in many cases? traditional Sharia would let go the parties